Type 1 diabetes effects children and is an autoimmune ailment that is unfortunately not preventable. Researchers are trying to fine the cause but at the moment all they know is that it usually starts in childhood and for some reason the body’s immune system malfunctions and begins to destroy insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
Unfortunately people with Type 1 diabetes will be dependent on taking insulin for the remainder of their lives. This is a very major concern because serious complications can occur if the blood sugar is not controlled.
As a result these complications can include heart disease, nervous disorders, problems with the blood clotting properly, blindness and even kidney failure. Some of the warning signs that you need to be aware of include drowsiness, being tired, sudden weight loss or gain, changes in the odor of the breath and even a sudden change in vision.
How do Drugs Control Diabetes?
The job of the pancreas is to break down sugar (glucose) for energy in the body’s cells. Normally this is not a problem. However, if the sugar remains in the blood because of a problem with the natural insulin it may require a drug (insulin) to help speed up the process of getting the glucose into the cells.
Insulin injections can manage the disease or patients can be prescribed oral medication by their doctors. These types of medications are prescribed frequently because they are usually inexpensive and have been found to help prevent many of the long-term complications of diabetes. As well some oral medications have shown that they may be able to help prevent obesity in unborn babies and even blindness.
If you have Type 2 diabetes you can rely on short-term insulin to be effective in this job. However, people with Type 1 diabetes will need a longer acting insulin.
The Cost of Diabetes
Unfortunately diabetes can be an expensive disease. People have died because they couldn’t afford their medication which resulted in some type of complication such as a heart attack.
Statistics show that medical costs can be two or three times higher with a person who has diabetes over someone who does not have this disease. This could be several thousands of dollars a year.
As well, people with Type 1 diabetes can have a life expectancy reduced by as much as fifteen years over people without the disease. Taking care of yourself, taking your medication and seeing your doctor on a regular basis can help keep you healthy and in control of your diabetes.